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美国人常用的口头禅

美国人平时生活上所用的一些口头禅,其实字句都很简单,但是如果不加说明,往往还会让人一知半解或似懂非懂。下面所举的例子,即是常常听到的一些美语口头禅。

 

美国人常用的口头禅

 

1. I couldn't care less.

这句话的意思是“我不在乎”,“缺乏兴趣(lack of interest)”,也就是:I don't care at all. 或 I don't give a hoot.

例如:人家如果问: What do you think of the budget-cut?(你对预算削减有何看法?)
你回答: I couldn't care less.(我毫不在乎) 
How do you like Mr. Lee's political point of view?(你喜欢李先生的政见吗?) 
I couldn't care less.(我才不在乎呢!)

但是有时说话者也可能口是心非: 例如: 
I couldn't care less about the promotion or pay raise.(我不在乎升级或加薪)
而实际上他是根本在乎升级和加薪的,那么人家也许就会回答说: Yes, you do(care).

至于 I couldn't care more. 就是“我很在乎”(I care a lot.)或 I care deeply. 同理: 
I couldn't agree more. = I totally agree.(我完全同意) 
I couldn't please you more. = I did my best to please you.(我尽量使你高兴) 
I couldn't be more right. = I am totally right.

但是老外为了自尊,不愿强调自己的错误,所以很少人说: I couldn't be more wrong. 注意:一般人都用否定句,但也有老外把肯定句与否定句互用。

不过,严格来说,I could care less. = I care to some degree.(care 的程度可能减少) I could care more. = I care some.(care的程度也许增加)(主词可用任何人称代名词:he, she, you, we, they 等。但只用 could,不用 can。)

2. No bones about it.

意思是:真实的,诚恳的(truly, sincerely or exactly),也就是 to make no bones about it.(bone 要加 s, it 是指 something)例如:

His wife is beautiful; no bones about it.(他的太太真是很漂亮。) 
Mr. A made no bones about it when he talked about abortion issue.(当 A 先生谈到堕胎问题时,他是诚恳的。) 
When I spoke on the topic, he said, "No bones about it."(也就是他同意我的看法。) 
No bones about it; the weather is very chilly today.(今天是真的太冷了。)

3. Take it on me!

意思是:“这是我的,请用吧!”“这是免费的(help yourself to it; it is free)”,这多半是指吃的东西或一些不贵重的东西。例如:

Here are some candies from England; take one on me. (这是来自英国的糖果,尝一个吧!) (one = candy) 
The restaurant owner said to me, "Take the dessert on me." (餐馆老板对我说:尝尝我的甜点吧!) 
Please take these pencils on me. (取用一些我的铅笔吧!) (也许铅笔上刻有名字,做为宣传之用而免费。)

可见 take 后面的 it,是指 something,而 on 的后面通常不指别人,所以多半也只用在第一人称单数 me。 (假如夫妇在一起,也可以说:Take it on us.)

4. I am from Missouri.

这句话有时后面要加一句:I need to be shown.或You have got to show me.,意思是密苏里州的人很固执 (stubborn),不太信任别人,一定要人家证明一下(prove it to me),所以密苏里州也被称为The Show Me State。

据说这句话所以流行 (尤其在美国中西部) 是因为美国一些名人都住过密苏里州,包括 哈里·杜鲁门, 马克·吐温, 沃尔特·迪士尼等。后来老外不轻易相信别人时,就使用这句话。(也有半开玩笑性质) 例如:

He is not easily convinced because he is from Missouri. (他是来自密苏里州,所以不容易说服他。) 
Don't try to fool me; I am from Missouri.(You have got to show me.) (别愚弄我,我是来自密苏里州。) 
We are all from Missouri; we need to be shown. As Mr. Smith is a tough guy; he must be from Missouri. (史密斯先生是位倔强的人,他一定是来自密苏里州。)

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